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Edward Rubin

Four Generations of Anguish


Playwright: Matthew Greene Director: Jessica Dermody
Working Artist Theatre Project
Walkerspace Theatre (Soho Repertory Theatre)
46 Walker Street, New York City, 212-941 8632
Opened: August 19, Closed: September 2, 2016

History is long. Memory is short. And much is buried under the rug. Unearthing the past, Matthew Greene’s latest play, Gregorian, produced by Working Artists Theatre Project at the Walkerspace Theater, digs deep into the painful history of the Armenian people. Here the playwright examines the century-long effects of the 1915 genocide in which the Ottoman Empire slaughtered 1.5 million Armenians on four generations of the Gregorian family.

Gregorian Aaron Lynn, Barker, Reed, Love - Photo by Dave Mack

Using the fictitious Gregorian family to represent the plight of the Armenian people, this 90 minute play, with 5 actors and no intermission, is presented in a series of overlapping scenes which cover 86 years. It is a fast-moving, fact-filled, and often riveting, journey in which we find ourselves visiting Glen Cove, Long Island, a Hollywood studio in California, a hospital in New York City, and a refugee camp in Darfur.

The only Gregorian seen in the play, though other family members are referred to, is lead actor Aaron Lynn who plays all four generations of Gregorian men, each in his twenties. The first Gregorian to make an appearance is genocide escapee 25 year old Bedos newly arrived from Europe with his young son. In the ensuring scenes we meet his Bedos’ son Alex, a fledging writer, his grandson Daniel, an angry young man, and his great grandson, Peter an activist. It is to Lynn’s credit that he manages to make each new Gregorian believable.    
The play begins with a one minute scene in which the audience is brought to attention, primed if you will, for what is to come, by the warring sounds of crackling gunfire and exploding bombs, the type of sounds all too familiar to modern day media savvy audiences. The lights go down and up and it is 1915 and we are in the Glen Cove living room of Robert and Gladys Palmer (Heather Lang).


Gregorian Aaron Lynn, Barker, Reed, Love - Photo by Dave Mack

Gladys, is busy coaching Bedos, as well as correcting his broken English, for a talk he is soon to give about his family’s genocide experiences at a gala to raise money for starving Armenians. We quickly learn that Gladys and her husband, who is away on a business trip, are housing both Bedos and his young son. In the course of her lesson giving, which also involves having him taste a cookie from a batch she just baked, we pick up our first clue of a physical attraction between Gladys and Bedos.      
Scene skipping 17 years – it is now 1936 – and we find 22 year old Alex, the son of Bedos, working at MGM. He is deep in conversation with one of studio’s top screenwriters Frances Marion (a very solid performance by the wonderful to watch Margaret Reed). Marion has just read Franz Werfel’s controversial 1933 novel The Forty Days Musa Dagh which brought the Armenian genocide to the attention of the world. Blown away by the novel she is intent on bringing it to the big screen.

Gregorian Cast Lang, Reed, Lynn, Barker, Love. Photo by Dave Mack

The only problem is that the fact-filled immensity of story is overwhelming and Marion feels that she needs the help of an Armenian, one who has gone through this experience. Combing the roster of employees at MGM for an Armenian name she finds Alex, a prop boy who wants to be a writer and asks for his help. She tells him, “I need to know how it felt, what it was like.” Though Alex, only two at the time of the genocide, says that he remembers nothing, he agrees to read Werfel’s book.

Another 43 years pass and we find ourselves in a Manhattan hospital with 26 year old Daniel, son of Alex, and his fiancée Janine Baskin (Madeleine Barker) a congressional speech writer. It seems that Daniel, having been kept in the dark about his family’s genocide experiences, is at the hospital to find out all that he can about the past from his dying grandmother.

Complicating matters further is his relationship with Baskin who he considers his ex-girlfriend. She seems to want to patch things up but Daniel reminds her that she told him that he should “get out of Washington because you didn’t want anything to do with this shell of a man, who newsflash maybe is this kind of person. I don’t know what you came up to New York for but please, do what the lesser mortals do and forget. Move on.”

Gregorian Aaron Lynn, Heather Lang. Photo by Dave Mack.

Jumping to 2005 - feeling very much like today - we are now with Peter, son of Daniel, grandson of Alex, and the great grandson of Bedos, at a Refugee Camp on Darfur. Daniel, a professional activist is in conversation with Sonia Riza (Geri-Nikole Love) a Rwandan genocide refugee, and an activist herself. Raza is there to talk about Peter’s “Woman of Darfur” project in which he interviews victims of the Darfur Genocide and post these videos online. He tells Riza that when he “started talking with all of these woman, they were practically mobbing me to tell their stories.”

The reason for Riza’s visit is to stop Peter from posting these videos, as she fears the consequences each victim will face from the Sudanese government for revealing this information. Heated arguments back and forth between Peter and Raza make this the play’s most compelling scene. For here the stakes, still very much in the news today, are spelled out in no uncertain terms. Will harm actually come to these women who are telling horrific tales that the government wants to withhold from the world? Though Riza believes so, Peter is doubtful. All he wants to do he claims “is to tell the truth about what is going on out here.”

With the above four introductory scenes, the template of the story, as well as each character’s relationship to the current Gregorian is established in the first twenty minutes of the play. What follows in subsequent scenes, each nicely unfurling as the play progresses, are well reasoned arguments, surprising revelations, unexpected happenings, a happy event, and a surprise or two.

Gregorian Margaret Reed Aaron Lynn. Photo by Dave Mack.


It is Peter, whose opening speech, delivered before we even get to the first scene that sets the tone of the play. “Where the needle passes, the thread passes also.” It’s a saying they have in Armenia, a saying that I heard from my father. An event that pierces our experience today inevitably leaves a string of consequences behind. We live now in a tangle of threads, a mess we can’t begin to comprehend until we examine the needles of the past. Close to a hundred years have gone by since the annihilation of the Armenian people but their stories remain untold, loose ends dangling from the fabric of history.”
The acting, mostly on a bare stage, with a with a chair, or a table, or a desk, is solid— meaning the actors, with nobody thinking that the play is all about them, served the intention of the playwright beautifully. My one reservation was in the performance of Heather Lang. With a series of poses, and a bit of cavorting here and there, the statuesque Lang, always bathed in flowing frou frou garments, was hard to take seriously, especially given the supposed seriousness of her attachment to Bedos, as well as her intention (need actually) to help Bedos and his people.

I found Lang’s so-called “butterfly light” and “daffy” acting choices, albeit one, maybe two, were warranted, out of sync with the earnestness of the rest of the cast. Perhaps given the gravity of the story the play’s director, Jessica Dermody, felt that a little levity was needed to offset the play’s painful moments. This said, waiting to see what she would do next I couldn’t take my eyes off of Lang. I guess that is a complement of some sort.

Aside from a few slightly confusing scripted distractions – occasionally a character, sometimes with nothing to say, would suddenly appear and then disappear like some apparition during a scene, their prime purpose seeming to be a reminder that they were still alive, working out their problems, and that we might see them in the next, if not another scene – Dermody’s direction, working hand in hand with Charlie Sutton on movement, was quite deft, not an easy task given the split timing needed to smoothly link each scene to the next.

Subtly supporting the production with their technical abilities is Jeff Hinchee (Set Design), Tina McCartney (Costume Design) and Michael O’Connor (Lighting Design).
Note: To this date though 29 countries officially recognize the mass killings of the Armenians as genocide, as do most genocide scholars and historians, the Turkish government refuses to use the word genocide. Euphemistically, it labels this atrocity, as it is officially referred to by government agencies, as the “Events of 1915.” “It was an unintended consequence of a complicated war in which many suffered,” Turkey’s current President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (since 2014) claimed during his years as Prime Minister (2003-2014). No doubt, with no meaningful apology in sight, an act the Armenians are waiting for, he still feels the same.

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